Turkey ranks tenth in the world and ninth in Europe for the production and export of nonwoven and technical textiles. Turkey makes more than 300,00 tons of nonwoven and technical textiles and over 550,00 tons of commercial textile annually. The country is a leading producer of wool, cashmere, silk and cotton. Turkey is a main exporter of semisubsorption textiles, ganja and chenille fiber.
In textile industry the term nonwoven is used to refer to the fibres that are not woven or knotted together. Nonwoven fabrics are those manufactured from a collection of random threads, that are produced in an industrial process. This textile industry includes textiles applied research fabrics, nonwoven sari, cottons, rayon, nylon, polyester, virgin wool, spandex, cashmere and other textiles derived from wool. The textiles and nonwovens market are growing at a rapid pace due to various reasons.
There has been rapid progress in various fields in textile science like molecular biology, cell and tissue physiology, polymers, fibre structure, knitting, fabric making, colorant chemistry, sheening, fiber quality, moisture removers, shrinkage etc. Textile industries are highly diversified. It involves a large number of processes like weaving, embroidery, dying, printing, cutting, dyeing, weaving, pressing, kilning, garment making, pigment processing, sealing, manufacturing, assembly and packaging. Textiles and Nonwoven Fabrics have become an essential part of our daily life. We use it in our home, office, dress, bedding and many other items.
Textiles and Nonwoven Fabrics are gaining more importance as the industrialization is increasing day by day. They are mainly made of polypropylene fibers, which are available in a very good quality and very much competitive prices. These textiles and nonwovens are very much demanded all over the world for their excellent quality, low price and long durability. Textile industry is developing day by day with different processes and chemicals used for increasing the quality of these textiles. There are various names for the different process and chemicals, but they all belong to one class of fiber.
Cotton and Linen are the two main fabrics used in textile industry. Cotton textiles and nonwovens are the fiber varieties used in textile manufacturing. In cotton fiber, we can find fiber pieces called as threads, pile and tresses. Cotton also has some additional terms like flax, selvage, kangaroo back, long pile and shearling.
Nonwoven fabrics are also available in great variety and we can see different varieties in terms of colors, textures, design and so on. There are also different types of protective coating and materials available in the nonwoven items. Such as polyester, vinyl, nylon, rayon, spandex, ethylene propylene diene terpolymer and Dacron are some of the common materials used in protective clothing. In textile industry, there are different names given to different kinds of non-woven fabrics like textiles, nonwovens, textile fabrics, seamstresses fabric, clothing, garment material, and so on.
Textile institutes teach and conduct textile business as well as textile marketing course for both the beginners and experienced businessmen. They also conduct seminars and workshops for students interested in textile business. The seminars are conducted to introduce the students to the topics and problems faced by the textile manufacturers, importers and exporters, wholesale and retail dealers and buyers. The textile industry is one of the fastest growing sectors in India and it is one of the biggest business in India. Therefore, students can benefit from the knowledge of textile institute very efficiently.
Textile business is all about meeting the requirements of customers and maintaining customer loyalty. This is the reason that the demand for quality textile fabrics and other nonwoven materials are always very high. In order to meet these demands, the textile companies are constantly in search of skilled and experienced technicians who can meet these demands with dedication and talent.